The Science of Electricity - Table of Contents

Brief Content List / Detailed Content List

Appendices: Detailed

Table of Contents - Brief


Part 1: Generation of Electricity

Part 2: Main Electrical Concepts and Terms

Part 3: Hydroelectric Power

Part 4: Wind Power

Part 5: Solar Power

Part 6: Coal Power

Part 7: Nuclear Power

Part 8: Other Sources of Electricity

Part 9: Transmission and Distribution of Electricity

Part 10: Utility Operation and Quality Control

Part 11: Grids - Connecting Power Plants

Part 12 Efficiency

Part 13 Toxicology as Related to Electrical Power





Table of Contents - Detailed


Part 1: Generation of Electricity

1. Types of Electrical Plants Overview

2. Energy, Power, and Units

3. Generating Electricity Overview: Turbines and Generators

4. Generator Basics: Alternating Current, Three phases

5. Turbine Basics


Part 2: Main Electrical Concepts and Terms

1. Power, Voltage, and Current Basics

2. The Chemist's Perpsective on Voltage, Current, and Power

3. Frequency of Alternating Power

4. Resistance and Temperature - Basic Concepts

5. Electrical Connections: Series and Parallel

6. Other Primary Electrical Terms

7. Impedance and Reactance Details

8. Understanding the Voltage & Current Sine Wave Graphs

9. Batteries


Part 3: Hydroelectric Power

1. Hydroelectric Power Basics

2. Dams, Reservoirs, and Rivers

3. Unintended Consequences

4. Irrigation and Flood Control

5. Power Calculations for Hydropower

6. Micro-Hydro

7. Turbines in Hydropower


Part 4: Wind Power

1. Wind Power Basics

2. Practical Factors in Wind Power

3. Blade Design

4. Calculating Wind Velocity

5. Offshore Wind Turbines

6. Technical Terms and Descriptions


Part 5: Solar Power

1. Solar Power Basics

2. Using Solar Power and Mirrors to Create Electricity

3. Photovoltaic Cells Basics

4. Photovoltaic Cells Practical Points: Electronic Design

5. Photovoltaic Cells Practical Points: Protection and Maintenance

6. Photovoltaic Cells Practical Points: Orientation

7. Solar Heating and Solar Concentrators

8. Photovoltaic Cells Technical Details

9. Advanced Solar Cell Technology


Part 6: Coal Power

1. Coal Power Basics

2. Formation and Types of Coal

3. Modern Mining Methods

4. Health Issues of Mining

5. Burning Coal: Chemical Process and By-Products

6. Environmental Effects of Coal Power

7. CO2 and the Environment

8. Clean Coal Technology

9. Gasification

10. Mercury and Coal Power


Part 7: Nuclear Power

1. Nuclear Power Basics

2. Nuclear Fuel to By-products: Overview

3. Raw Materials and Nuclear Fuel

4. Creating Energy: Fission and Chain Reactions

5. Types of Nuclear Reactors and Operating Nuclear Plants

6. By-Products and Radioactivity

7. Radiation Health Issues

8. Measuring Radiation

9. Radioactive Decay in Context

10. Meltdowns and Explosions

11. Specifics of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl

12. Making Nuclear Power Plants Safe

13. Long-Term Radioactive Storage, Yucca Mountain


Part 8: Other Sources of Electricity

1. Hydrocarbon Fuels Overview

2. Natural Gas - Basics

3. Natural Gas - Sources, Extraction, and Refining

4. Natural Gas - Transport and Use

5. Diesel Gas

6. Biomass and Trash

7. Cogeneration

8. Furnaces and Boilers


Part 9: Transmission and Distribution of Electricity

1. Transmission and Distribution of Electricity - Overview

2. Sequence from Power Plant to Home

3. Transformers

4. Substations

5. Power Lines Overview

6. Choosing Wires

7. High Voltage Transmission Lines

8. Community Level Distribution Lines

9. Underground Cable Basics

10. Cable Design Basics

11. Laying Cables

12. To the home, to the businesses

13. High Voltage DC Transmission Lines


Part 10: Utility Operation and Quality Control

1. Utility Operation Basics

2. Matching Generation With Load

3. Monitoring and Communications

4. Restarting Power Plants

5. Quality Control Basics

6. Quality Control Practical Points: Causes, Protection


Part 11: Grids - Connecting Power Plants

1. Grids Basics

2. Grid Operations

3. Quality Control & Reliability Councils

4. Grid Failures

5. The Future of Distribution: Smaller Grids and Smaller Power Plants

6. Grid Terms


Part 12 Efficiency

1. Efficiency Basics

2. Power Factor

3. Causes and Solutions for Phase Difference in Power Factor

4. Efficiency of Use


Part 13 Toxicology as Related to Electrical Power

1. Understanding Terms Used in Toxicology Data








A1 Conversions and Equations

A.1.1 Conversions: Energy Unit Equivalents

A.1.2 Conversions: Power Unit Equivalents

A.1.3 Useful Equations: Power, Voltage, Current, & Resistance

A.1.4 Volume Unit Equivalents

A.1.5 Volume Conversions, from any unit into Liters

A.1.6 Flow Unit Equivalents

A.1.7 Flow Conversions, from any unit into Liters/sec

A.1.8 Temperature Conversions: Fahrenheit and Celsius

A.1.9 Conversions of Radiation Units (Biological Effects)


A2 WindPower

A.2.1 Obstruction Angles of Wind Turbines


A3 Solar Power

A.3.1 Wavelenghts listed in various units

A.3.2 Tilt Angles for Photovoltaic Arrays


A4 Coal Power

A.4.1 Ash Data


A5 Nuclear Power

A.5.1 Decay Type: % of isotopes emitting each type of decay

A.5.2 Half-lives: % less than 30 years, % longer than 30 years

A.5.3 Total time for radioisotopes to decay

A.5.4 Radioisotopes, decay type, what atom becomes, and half-life

A.5.5 Half-lives, listed in order of decay time

A.5.6 Half-lives and number of steps

A.5.7 Multiple Decay Radioactive Isotopes

A.5.8 Decay Sequences

A.5.9 Nuclear Standards - ANS

A.5.10 Nuclear Standards - NRC


A6 Power Lines

A.6.1 Wire Sizes

A.6.2 Resistance in Wires, based on Material and Sizes

A.6.3 Cable Design Options for Insulation

A.6.4 Cable Design Options for Jackets


A7 Grids

A.7.1 ISOs/RTOs

A.7.2 Regional Reliability Councils


A8 Toxicology

A.8.1 Toxicology Organizations